Category: BINscapes Projects


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It is a century of global village, but each of us should have specific identity, otherwise , we will lose diversity at all.

这是一个全球流动的时代,但我们仍需要在融入世界的同时保持我们自己独特而鲜活的个性,否则,我们将迷失自我,而世界也将因此苍白.

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Design Drivers

设计立意

The landscape as a metaphor to express past and future

景观是一种隐喻,展示过去与未来

The landscape as a catalyst to promote future growth and business

景观是一种催化剂,促进发展与繁荣

The landscape a stage for engaging entertainment and recreational activity

景观是一个舞台,丰富娱乐和休闲

The landscape as story telling

景观是一个故事,讲述城市悠长历史与灿烂未来

The landscape as a place for social discourse and community events

景观是一个容器,包容社交与聚会

The landscape as a place for fun and entertainment

景观是一种场所,服务娱乐与休闲

The landscape as a platform to assist in an active and vital business centre

景观是一个平台,促进商业与贸易

The landscape as the heart and soul of the new city and district

景观更是一种精神,体现城市与区域的灵魂

 

The region

区域定位

SuZhouis renowned for its historical gardens and waterways and agrarian culture.  It is a famous tourism region attracting international visitors from all parts of the world.  However, in recent yearsSuzhouhas undergone a bold shift with smart technology industries serving both national and world markets.

Integral ofSuzhou’s historical fabric, those technologies based industries are now an integral part ofSuzhou’s urban identity and economy.  The merge and juxtaposition of the old and new – the traditional and contemporary are now defining characteristic ofSuzhou’s urban fabric and are an intrinsic characteristic of the design competition district and new town of WeiTing.

苏州因园林、河网以及吴文化而闻名于世。驰名海外的旅游景点吸引了来自世界各地的国际游客。现代的苏州,受其服务于全球的高新技术产业的带动,正发生着翻天覆地的变化。

在苏州城市肌理中,高新技术产业已经成为现代苏州经济与城市形象的重要组成部分。 新与旧的融合,传统与现代的并致,成为当今苏州城市肌理的特色,并且不可避免的成为本项目基地和维亭新镇的特色所在。

 

A unique and metaphorical landscape

独特与隐喻的景观

A landscape that shifts to the future and a landscape that respects the past.

一个面向未来的景观

一个尊重历史的景观

To design an exciting landscape that is both contemporary and metaphorical. The landscape fabric will be meaningful and will interpret and fuse the districts’ old and new cultures and economies.

这是一个令人激动的景观设计,兼容现代与隐喻。这样景观不仅意义深长,而且能充分阐述和融合传统文化与当代文化,传统经济与当代经济。

The new city will be the business and administration engine of a mixed live,work and play district. Although the economic base of the new Weiting district will be based on mixed uses, a heavy emphasis on new and world class technology industries will form its primary economic function.

唯亭镇将成为集居住、工作和娱乐为一体的新城,也将成为商贸活动与行政管理的动力源泉。虽然唯亭镇的经济发端于多个经济门类,然而需要强调的是,新型的、世界一流的科技产业必将重塑其原有的经济形态。

As for the region ofSuzhou, the Weitingdistrict has undergone a radical shift from an agrarian based society and economy to a society based around a contemporary world connected to global markets.  Presently, that both cultures and fabrics happily coexist in juxtaposition forms unique district identity.

作为苏州的一个区域,唯亭正在经历一个根本性的转型,从一个农业型经济社会转变成为一个以全球市场为导向的现代型经济社会。目前,两种文化与脉络的和谐共处形成了区域的独特形象。

The shift from old to new and the coexist notion and character that underpins design concept for the proposed pedestrian street and surrounding spaces.

由旧到新的转型与和谐共存,这个地域特色构建出本项目步行街和周围空间设计的初步概念。

The landscape will be story telling and place making in a highly creative and contemporary manner informing both users and visitors of the districts past, present and future values and aspirations.

景观将成为一个生动的故事,使其场所以富有创造性和现代人文精神的方式向使用者和游客传达此区域关于过去、现代和未来人们的价值观和渴望。

TIMEscapes-02

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This is a schematic design for Yongli Town at Beijing.

A good experience of thinking how to create a waterfront area with a variety of functions_an engine for local economy and a destination for residents and visitors.

Working closely with Architects and understand each other is crucial for the success of this project.

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As a co-organizer of  Built Environment and Human Health program, I worked with Prof. Sullivan and assembled an amazing group of experts and professionals in a variety of fields: Landscape Architecture, Urban Planning,  Public Health, Architecture. We discussed important issues about the built environment and human health and organized a series of seminars, workshops, and field trips to closely study many issues related to our concern.

Co-organizers

Bin Jiang, Landscape Architecture
Chaihui Wang, Architecture
David Buchner, Kinesiology and Community Health
William Sullivan, Landscape Architecture

Abstract

There is growing recognition that the environments in which we live, work, and play have considerable impact on our health. Although we have some understanding of the extent to which specific elements of the built environment (e.g., exposure to green spaces, crowding, noise) impact health, we lack a comprehensive understanding of the impacts of the built environment on human health and well-being. Lack of a compre¬hensive understanding prevents designers, planners, public health officials and others from comprehending the trade-offs among various design or policy possibilities. Overcoming this gap in our knowledge requires an interdisciplinary collaboration among scholars in public health, medical geography, environmental design and planning, and human and community development.

Through the Built Environment and Human Health Focal Point we are building just such a collaborative team. Our primary tasks during the 2010-2011 academic year are to learn from each other and from the literature in the various fields that we represent – public health, medical geography, environmental design and planning, and human and community development. Learning together will prepare us to seek future funding.

Here is a list of questions generated from members of our group that relate to the four areas we’ve been discussing. These areas are:

•Urban design and physical activity

•Transportation, land use and health

•Design and the development of social capital

•The built environment and psychological health and well-being

We’ll examine the questions in this same order.

Urban Design and Physical Activity

1.Adverse events.   Assuming that we can identify built environmental factors promoting physical activity and mental health and reducing obesity risk.  Is there a downside (health risks) of building communities with these features?  For example, do grid neighborhoods having higher rates of motor vehicle collisions? Does urban green space provide a refuge for feral animals and zoonotic infectious diseases?  How generalizable is the finding from Europe that higher rates of cycling lead to decreased rates of injury per mile of biking?

2.In pursuit of a more bicycle-friendly community, what aspects of design are most effective to increase bicycle use (physical activity)?

3.What amount and quality of physical activity facilities are required in Urban design codes.  What are the estimate investigations?  How do these requirements compare to the health insurance expense within a city?

4.To what extent does the quantitatively and objectively measured accessibility (comparing different measurements of accessibility) to urban green space (considering attributes of quality, function and attractiveness) affect people’s physical activities in the same way as the perceived accessibility to green space?

5.Urban design  effects physical activity directly, through availability of parks, sidewalks, etc and proximity to jobs, shopping, etc., and indirectly through a variety of pathways.  What are these direct and indirect pathways, and how do they relate to physical activity?

6.Can the different types and terrains of the built green environment effect the activities that people are performing; say, can a type of landscape encourage people to do more vigorous activities compare to the other types?

Transportation, Land Use and Health

1.Car-less household are disadvantaged in the automobile-focused landscapes of the U.S. What are the implications of the lack of a car for health in urban, suburban and rural settings?  What are the pathways with respect to physical activity, food access and access to health care?

Design and the Development of Social Capital

1.Can changes in city form help build social capital?  If so how?  And for whom? What are the implications of changes?

2.How does social capital compare in a very bicycle-friendly community versus a lesser one?

3.How does culture impact the design for positive social capital?

The Built Environment and Psychological Health and Well-being

1.Mechanisms.  What is known about biologic mechanisms by which exposure to green space affects wellness/mental health?  Is research on the concept of “allostatic load” useful in conceptualizing mechanisms as a part of a more general process?

2.What are the characteristics of the dose-response curve for the effect of urban nature on human autonomic functioning for varying durations of exposure to a moderate concentration of nature?

3.What are the characteristics of the dose-response curve for the effect of urban nature on human attention, and human autonomic functioning?

4.Guidelines.  Eventually research could lead to public health guidelines regarding exposure to green space or the minimum number of park acreage, etc.  Various groups have proposed minimum amounts of green space in a community.  In what ways does current research inform guidelines for how much green space a population needs?  Note with continous correlational relationships, they may not be an obvious “cutpoint” that indicates a minimum level of connectivity or greenspace for reducing rates of e.g. obesity.

5.To what extent should we be examining not-yet-scientific traditional knowledge such as Feng-Shui or Qi in future research?

6.To what extent and under what conditions are there cultural differences regarding to the relationships between built environment and health and well-being?

7.How might we create valid and reliable measures of the level of “natural” within built settings?

8.We have many ways to measure and evaluate the ecological health of built settings and the impacts of these settings on human health. But we know very little about the relationships between levels of ecological health and their associated impacts on human health. What are these relationships?

9.How can we measure the impact of green spaces on human well-being in a finely integrated way? That is, how can we make clear, specific, detailed measurements of the outcome variables?

10.Through what mechanisms does exposure to green environments impact the autonomic nervous system?

11.To what extent do different forms of urban green space (different vegetation types, patterns, densities and connectivity etc) play a role in improving residents’ quality of life? (A sub-question could be to what extent can different forms of urban green space mitigate the urban heat island problem?).

12.What changes to the built environment can help to improve psychological health and well-being near loud environments, such as airports?

13.What is the impact on incarcerated men’s psychological health and well-being of being involved in gardening and food production?

School Environments and Children’s Health

1.How can we encourage our schools to be more proactive in creating healthy environments for children?  This includes issues of: healthy food zones, nutrition and school meals, physical education for students, and safe routes to schools programs.

2.Are schools that have focused attention on creating healthy environments successful?  How can we evaluate such programs or measure “success”?

3.To what extend does having a green (highly vegetated) campus landscape impact the capacity of students to pay attention and succeed in school?

Ecological Health and Human Health

1.How does land use and land cover change affect the landscape pattern and configuration in suburban and urban areas at different scale (neighborhood, local and regional level)? Does the modifiable area unit problem (MAUP) exist when study focus shifts between different scales?

2.To what extent does subdivision/landscape design governed by local development regulations affect an ecological landscape structure?

3.To what extent is there a connection between landscape structure and human’s functioning?

4.To what extent does landscape structure affect human health, social interaction, community health?

Settings

A variety of settings have been mentioned in the questions above. These settings include:

•Schools

•Urban green spaces

•Neighborhoods and communities

•Suburbs

•Rural settlements

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This summer, I led the project “Dose of Nature- Urban Forest and Human Health” funded by U.S. Forest Preservation, a prestigious national institution in the field of Landscape Architecture.

We traveled about 30 days in Middle-West region and visited more than 50 single-house communities, most of them are products of  Urban Sprawl.

They look not bad  if you just look at those photos, however, I believe you will change your idea if you really got a chance to walk in those communities, let alone living there.

There are several characteristics that really impede social life and human health:

  1. Heavily reliance on driving private vehicles.  A normal adult living in suburban community spends 1-2 hours on commute and they have much less time on family and community activities;
  2. Few destinations for recreation and entertainment in walking distance.  Lack of ” Third Space” in community decreases opportunity of creating strong social network, physical exercise, and casual social interaction with neighbors, which may elicit a series of health problems: depression, stress, use of drug, tobacco, and alcohol, obesity, etc.
  3. Children and teenage don’t have chance to learn from much role models other than their parents. They are “cul-de-sac” kids without experiencing enough social challenges before they biologically become adults.
  4. Lack of memorial spaces and attractions make it is impossible to create a strong “sense of place” for residents.
  5. Social Justice: The heavy investment on highway and other infrastructures to support urban sprawl has pushed socioeconomic-disadvantaged people living in inner-city areas into a more miserable situation.
  6. Elderly people have to move out to find a retirement community because suburban communities cannot provide appropriate places for them, which means a dramatic disconnection of social life that has been proved as an important reason of depression among elderly people.

ECO-TOURISM PLANNING

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BACKGROUND: In December 2006 we visited Lian Island to study tourism potential and upgrading.  The island was then and remains a no-car tourism destination accessible only by boat.

CHALLENGE: To preserve the natural integrity of the site while providing control planning to accommodate an influx of tourists.

LESSONS LEARNED: It is always a challenge of doing tourism planning in China to keep a good balance between near-future benefits and far-future goals.   Also, the government is selling land parcels to make profit, how to assemble and motivate a variety of landowners and make they cooperate to create an integrate image for the whole tourism destination is a big challenge.